“At present, large areas of empty sheds are appearing in new mushroom production areas, some companies are facing the risk of capital chain breakage, the market price of mushroom products is sluggish, the number of new growers and new farmers continues to decrease, the market for edible fungi machinery and equipment is shrinking, and production costs continue to rise. , The negative impact of the new crown epidemic on the edible mushroom industry continues to expand. "Consumption, investment, and export", the troika that promotes the development of the mushroom industry, has gradually lost its motivation." At the 2021 Hubei Suizhou International Mushroom Industry Expo Summit Forum, Bian Yinbing, a post scientist in the National Edible Fungus Industry Technology System and a professor at Huazhong Agricultural University, focused on the countermeasures for the industrialization of mushrooms in the keynote report of "The Development Status and Trends of my country's Mushroom Industry".
Professor Bian pointed out that the troika of consumption, investment, and export of the mushroom industry has lost momentum. The negative impact of the new crown epidemic on the edible fungus industry has brought negative impacts on the industry from both demand and supply; the global supply chain has been partially blocked and external demand has shrunk, accelerating the differentiation and adjustment of China’s economic structure; the country’s fiscal revenue has fallen sharply. It is difficult to implement agricultural assistance policies, and the funds for supporting agricultural enterprises have fallen sharply. The mushroom industry still faces technical problems, including the problem of large consumption of forest resources in the mushroom industry, the problem of strain degradation and efficient production of strains, the regulation of bacterial bag color conversion and technical judgment standards, the technical issues of efficient selection of varieties, and the light and simplified water retention of mushroom sticks. Water replenishment issues, precise control of the cultivation environment, flavor quality and deep processing issues, and bacterial quality identification technical issues, etc. As the problem of labor shortage becomes more prominent, the demand for fixed asset input increases, and the cost of raw materials continues to rise, which also promotes the continuous increase in the production cost of shiitake mushrooms.
"The world is developing around 5G, big data, artificial intelligence, cloud computing and other emerging industries. What is the relationship between these and the mushroom industry? What is the impact? Under the premise of the failure of the "troika", how does the mushroom industry respond to the crisis? "Professor Bian covers 8 areas including professional organization, refined planting areas, diversified planting models, automation of bag-making technology, light simplification of puncture water replenishment, liquefaction of strain production, facility management of fruiting management, and marketization of cultivated varieties. On the one hand, it explained the development direction and trend of the mushroom industry in my country.
Professor Bian focused on the problem of the refinement of mushroom cultivation areas. He believed that each region should develop the mushroom industry according to its own geographical conditions and resource advantages, and not copy the development models of other production areas. Suizhou is the prestigious hometown of mushrooms and flowering mushrooms in China. After more than 40 years of development, the cluster effect of Suizhou's mushroom industry has become increasingly prominent, and its industrial development advantages have continued to increase. Its development method has certain reference significance. He said that the key to the difference between Suizhou mushrooms and other regions lies in the autumn planting mode and the quality of mushrooms. Good quality is closely related to Suizhou's unique geographical and climatic conditions and deep mass base. Suizhou mushrooms are finally realized by using their own geographical resource advantages. In order for the industry to develop vigorously, each region should establish a high-quality development path with its own characteristics based on its own reality, including spring planting mode, summer planting mode and high-quality fresh mushroom production mode.
Professor Bian said that the planting mode of the whole process from stick making to mushroom fruiting needs to be changed urgently. Standardized, mechanized and intelligent mushroom planting will be an inevitable trend. All regions should give full play to the leading role of leading mushroom stick companies, support the development of regional characteristic industries, carry out precise planning, carry out the competitiveness analysis of the mushroom industry and other agriculture-related industries, support the development of the integration of three industries, and develop family farms, family hotels, and vacations. The development of new models such as farms will support processing trade enterprises to develop domestic and international markets. Professor Bian specifically pointed out that growers should go to "old areas" when planting shiitake mushrooms, go to "new areas" cautiously, go to places suitable for growing mushrooms, use the lowest cost of facilities and equipment, the most mature production experience, and strive for the best support policies. , Do the most profitable industry.
Regarding how to promote the sustainable and healthy development of the mushroom industry, Professor Bian believes that the sustainable and healthy development of the mushroom industry should grasp the following five key points: First, the development of the production model at both ends of "centralized production of rods and scattered mushrooms" is irreversible, but it should be progressively developed; Second, key technologies require innovation, and technology integration demonstration is very necessary; third, government policy guidance and support are indispensable, but market orientation is the fundamental; fourth, the in-depth development of equipment and facilities for mushroom stick production and fruiting management is still very promising, and should Continuous development; Fifth, the technical connection and profit distribution relationship between the stick production enterprises and the family mushroom farms need to be adjusted repeatedly.